Acne Vulgaris: Dermatology: Specialist to treat facial pimples
Acne is a skin disease categorized by pimples on the person’s face, back, chest, shoulders and neck. It develops when skin follicles get clogged and infected with oils, dead skin cells, bacteria. It may be triggered by Hormonal changes related to puberty, menstrual periods, pregnancy, birth control pills, or stress, use of Greasy or oily cosmetic and hair products, certain drugs and high levels of humidity and sweating. Acne can affect people of all races and all ages. It most commonly affects adolescents and young adults.
There are various types of pimples
Whiteheads – remain under the skin and are very small.
Blackheads – clearly visible, they are black and appear on the
surface of the skin.
Papules – visible on the surface of the skin. They are small bumps, usually pink.
Pustules – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are red at their base and have pus at the top.
Nobules – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are large, solid pimples. They are painful and are embedded deep in the skin.
Cysts – clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are painful, and are filled with pus. Cysts can easily cause scars.
Although acne affects both men and women, young men suffer from acne for longer – probably because testosterone, which is present in higher quantities in young men, can make acne worse.
Primus Department of Dermatology
A combination of topical retinoid and antimicrobial therapy as first-line therapy for almost all patients with acne.
Topical treatments- Retinoids , Antibiotics
Systemic treatments- Antibiotics, Hormonal therapies Systemic retinoids- Isotretinoin.
The following are among recommendations presented for adolescent, preadolescent, infant, and neonatal acne-
Benzoyl peroxide is generally safe and effective as monotherapy or when used in topical combination products for mild acne (level A)
Topical retinoids may be used either as monotherapy or in combination with other products and in therapeutic regimens for all types and severities of acne in children and adolescents of all ages (level A)
Oral antibiotics may be used for moderate-to-severe inflammatory acne for any age (except for tetracycline in children < 8 years) (level B)
Hormonal therapy with combination oral contraceptives may be used as second-line therapy in pubertal females with moderate-to-severe acne (level A)
Isotretinoin is recommended for severe, scarring, and/or refractory acne in adolescents (level A)
FOR MORE INFORMATION
CALL AT Dr Vivek Mehta Primus Department of Dermatology
Primus Super Speciality Hospital
Chandragupta Marg Chanakyapuri, New Delhi- 110021
For appointments : +91 9999920206, 6620 6630, 6620 6640
For Emergency : +91 11 6620 6620
Fax : +91 116620 6650, 2611 2633
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org
Website : www.primushospital.com